Wetenschappelijk bewijs

 

 

Voor alle sceptici (waaronder leveranciers van conventionele zoutontharders) volgt hier een greep uit de verschenen literatuur en daarmee het wetenschappelijk bewijs over het fenomeen dat al meer dan een eeuw bekend is:

Magneten doen iets met KALKAANSLAG…..en dat is te meten. Auteur: Ir. Arjen Dijkgraaf Uitgave: Poly Technisch tijdschrift maart 1996

Vorzuge der magnetischen Wasserbehandlung Auteur: Dr. Klaus J. Kronenberg Uitgave: Raum & Zeit nr. 33 1988

Het mysterie over de magnetische waterbehandeling opgelost? Auteur: Dr. J. Kronenberg Uitgave: Verwarming & Ventilatie mei 1989

Erfahrungsheilkunde Auteur : N.B. Uitgave: Erfahrungsheilkunde 7/1990

Start wetenschappelijk onderzoek FAK-apparatuur in Nederland Auteur: Ing. E. During Uitgave: KrachtKroniek sept. 1995

Anti-scale Magnetic Treatment Auteurs: J.S. Baker / S.A. Parsons Uitgave: Water and Waste Treatment ,39, 36-38 1996

Magnetic treatment – scale effect – pH control Auteurs: S.A. Parsons / B.L. Wang / S.J. Judd / T. Stepherson Uitgave: Wat.Res., 31 339-342 1997

Mitigation of Heater Exchanger Scaling by Magnetic Treatment Devices Auteurs: D.I. Wilson / S.A. Parsons Uitgave: 5th UK National Heat Transfer Conference 1997

The Effect of Magnetic Fields on the Precipitation of Calcium Carbonate Auteurs: R. A-Barrett / S.A. Parsons / P. Hillis / P.P. Coetzee Uitgave: WISA ’98, Cape Town mei 1998

125 jaar fysische waterbehandeling Auteur: Dr. Dietman Ende, M. Anders Uitgave: InTech feb 1999

Werking van FAK-apparatuur Auteur: Dr. G. IJpelaar Uitgave: H2O 4/1999 Alleman, J. 1985.

Quantitative Assessment of the Effectiveness of Permanent Magnet Water Conditioning Devices. Purdue University. Sponsored by and protocol by Water Quality Association.

 

Een greep uit overige publicaties:

American Petroleum Institute. 1985. Evaluation of the Principles of Magnetic Water Treatment, Publication 960.

Bruns, S. A., V. I. Klassen, and A. K. Konshina. 1966. Change in the extinction of light by water after treatment in a magnetic field. Kolloidn. Zh. 28: 153-155. Busch, K. W., M. A. Busch, D. H. Parker, R. E. Darling, and J. L. McAtee, Jr. 1986. “Studies of a Water Treatment Device That Uses Magnetic Fields,” In Proceedings Corrosion/85, Boston MA.

Lundager Madsen, H.E., Influence of magnetic field on the precipitation of some inorganic salts. J.Chr.Growth, 152, (1995) 94100

Gabrielle, C et all, Magnetic water treatment for scale prevention, Wat.Res., 35, (2001) 32403259

BotelloZubiate, M.E. et all, Influence of magnetic water treatment on the calcium carbonate formation and the electrochemical corrosion behavior of carbon steel., J.All.Comp 369, (2004) 265269

M e.a. On reduction in the surface tension of water duet o magnetic treatment, Coll.Surf.A 278 (2005) 252255

Kney,AD and S.A. Parsons, A spectrofotometerbased study of magnetic water treatment: Assessment of ionic vs. surface mechanisms., Wat.Res., 40 (2006) 517524

Fathi,a. et all, Effect of a magnetic treatment on homogeneous and heterogeneous precipitation of calcium carbonate, Wat.Res., 40 (2006) 19411950

Alimi, F et all, Influence of magnetic field on calcium carbonate precipitation, Desalination 206 (2007) 164168

Busch, K. W., M. A. Busch, R. E. Darling, S. Maggard, and S. W. Kubala. 1997. Design of a test loop for the evaluation of magnetic water treatment devices. Process Safety and Environmental Protection. Transactions of the Institution of Chemical Engineers 75 (Part B): 105-114.

Chechel, P. S., and G. V. Annenkova. 1972. Influence of magnetic treatment on solubility of calcium sulphate. Coke Chem. USSR. 8: 60-61.

Daly, J. 1995. Miracle cure. Motor Boating and Sailing. October, p. 36.

Dirks, J.A., and L.E. Wrench. 1993. “Facility Energy Decision Screening (FEDS) Software System.” PNL-SA-22780. In Proceedings of the Energy and Environmental Congress. Minneapolis, Minnesota, August 4-5, 1993.

Donaldson, J. D. 1988. Magnetic treatment of fluids — preventing scale. Finishing. 12: 22-32.

Duffy, E. A. 1977. Investigation of Magnetic Water Treatment Devices. Ph.D. dissertation, Clemson University, Clemson, S.C.

Fryer, L. 1995. “Magnetic Water Treatment A Coming Attraction?” E-Source, TU-95-7 Gruber and Carda. 1981. Performance Analysis of Permanent Magnet Type Water Treatment Devices. South Dakota School of Mines and Technology. Sponsored by and protocol by Water Quality Association.

Gehr, R., Z. A. Zhai, J. A. Finch, and S. R. Rao. 1995. Reduction of soluble mineral concentrations in CaSO4 saturated water using a magnetic field. Wat. Res. 29 (3): 933-940.

Harrison, J. 1993. WQA Glossary of Terms. Water Quality Association. Lisle, Ill.

Hasson, D., and D. Bramson. 1985. Effectiveness of magnetic water treatment in suppressing CaCO3 scale deposition. Ind. Eng. Chem. Process Des. Dev. 24: 588-592.

Hibben, S.G. 1973. Magnetic Treatment of Water. Advanced Research Projects Agency of the Department of Defense.

Higashitani, K., and J. Oshitani. 1997. Measurements of magnetic effects on electrolyte solutions by atomic force microscope. Process Safety and Environmental Protection. Transactions of the Institution of Chemical Engineers 75 (Part B): 115-119.

Joshi, K. M., and P. V. Kamat. 1966. Effect of magnetic field on the physical properties of water. J. Ind. Chem. Soc. 43: 620-622.

Klassen, V. I. 1981. Magnetic treatment of water in mineral processing. In Developments in Mineral Processing, Part B, Mineral Processing. Elsevier, N.Y., pp. 1077-1097.

Kronenberg, K. J. 1985. Experimental evidence for effects of magnetic fields on moving water. IEEE Trans. on Magnetics, vol. Mag-21, no. 5: 2059-2061.

Krylov, O. T., I. K. Vikulova, V. V. Eletskii, N. A. Rozno, and V. I. Klassen. 1985. Influence of magnetic treatment on the electro-kinetic potential of a suspension of CaCO3. Colloid J. USSR 47: 820-824.

Liburkin, V. G., B. S. Kondratev, and T. S. Pavlyukova. 1986. Action of magnetic treatment of water on the structure formation of gypsum. Glass and Ceramics (English translation of Steklo I Keramika) 1: 101-105.

Lin, I., and Y. Yotvat. 1989. Electro-magnetic treatment of drinking and irrigation water. Water and Irrigation Rev. 8:16-18.

Lipus, L., J. Krope, and L. Garbai. 1994. Magnetic water treatment for scale prevention. Hungarian J. Ind. Chem. 22: 239-242.

Marshall, S. V,. and G. G. Skitek 1987. Electromagnetic Concepts and Applications. 2nd ed. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Marth, R.A. 1997. A Scientific Definition of the Magnetic Treatment of Water: Its Subsequent Use in Preventing Scale Formation and Removing Scale. Research Conducted for Descal-A-Matic Corporation.

Martynova, O. I., E. F. Tebenekhin, and B. T. Gusev. 1967. Conditions and mechanism of deposition of the solid calcium carbonate phase from aqeuous [sic] solutions under the influence of a magnetic field. Colloid J. USSR 29: 512-514.

Mirumyants, S. O., E. A. Vandyukov, and R. S. Tukhvatullin. 1972. The effect of a constant magnetic field on the infrared absorption spectrum of liquid water. Russ. J. Phys. Chem. 46: 124.

Parsons, S. A., S. J. Judd, T. Stephenson, S. Udol, and B.-L. Wang. 1997. Magnetically augmented water treatment. Process Safety and Environmental Protection. Transactions of the Institution of Chemical Engineers 75 (Part B): 98-104.

Parsons, S.A., Bao-Lung Wang, S.J. Judd, and T. Stephenson. 1997. “Magnetic Treatment of Calcium Carbonate Scale — Effect of pH Control.” Water Research, 31(2): 339-342.

Quinn, C.J., T.C. Molden, and C.W. Sanderson. 1996. “Nonchemical Approach to Hard Water Scale, Corrosion and White Rust Control.” In Proceedings Iron and Steel Engineer, Chicago IL, September 30, 1996.

Raisen, E. 1984. The control of scale and corrosion in water systems using magnetic fields. Corrosion 84. Conference proceedings, Nat. Assoc. of Corrosion Engineers, Houston, paper no. 117.

Reimers, R.S., P. S. DeKernion, and D. B. Leftwich. 1979. “Sonics and Electrostatics – An Innovative Approach to Water and Waste Treatment.” In Proceedings Water Reuse Symposium, Volume 2. American Water Works.Research Association Research Evaluation, Denver, CO.

Rubin, A.J. 1973. To Determine if Magnetic Water Treatment is Effective in Preventing Scale. The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

Singley, J. E. 1984. Municipal water treatment. In Kirk-Othmer Encyl. of Chemical Technology. 3rd ed. Edited by Martin Grayson. New York: John Wiley and Sons. Vol. 24, pp. 385-406.

Schmutzer, M. A., and G. W. Hull. 1969. Examination to Determine the Physical or Chemical Differences Between Untreated and Magnetically Treated Water. United States Testing Center, Inc. Hoboken, NJ.

Simpson. L. G. 1980. “Control Scale and Save Energy.” The Coast Guard Engineer’s Digest, Volume 20, Number 205, pp. 32-35.

Spear, M. 1992. The growing attraction of magnetic treatment. Process Engineering. May, p. 143.

Welder, B. Q., and E. P. Partridge. 1954. Practical performance of water-conditioning gadgets. Ind. Eng. Chem. 46: 954-960.

Wilkes, J. F., and R. Baum. 1979. Water conditioning devices — an update. Int. Water Conf.: 40th Annual Meeting, paper no. IWC-79-20.

Yarows, S. A., W. E. Fusilier, and A. B. Weder. 1997. Sodium concentration of water from softeners. Arch. Intern. Med. 157: 218-222.

Lundager Madsen, H.E., Influence of magnetic field on the precipitation of some inorganic salts. J.Chr.Growth, 152, (1995) 94100

Alimi, F et all, Influence of magnetic field on calcium carbonate precipitation, Desalination 206 (2007) 164168

BotelloZubiate, M.E. et all, Influence of magnetic water treatment on the calcium carbonate formation and the electrochemical corrosion behavior of carbon steel., J.All.Comp 369, (2004) 265269

Fathi,a. et all, Effect of a magnetic treatment on homogeneous and heterogeneous precipitation of calcium carbonate, Wat.Res., 40 (2006) 19411950

Gabrielle, C et all, Magnetic water treatment for scale prevention, Wat.Res., 35, (2001)32403259

Kney,AD and S.A. Parsons, A spectrofotometerbased study of magnetic water treatment: Assessment of ionic vs. surface mechanisms., Wat.Res., 40 (2006) 517524

Armiri.M e.a. On reduction in the surface tension of water duet o magnetic treatment, Coll.Surf.A 278 (2005) 252255

Kobe, S e.a. The influence of the magnetic field on the crystalllisation form of calcium carbonate and the testing of a magnetic water treatment system., J.M.M.Mat. 236, (2001), 7176

Voorst heeft o.a. de universiteit van CRANFIELD (U.K.) veel onderzoek gedaan naar de (positieve) effecten van waterbehandeling middels magneetopstellingen.